Checks if passed color data are valid, i. e. are bountiful and varied enough according to passed validation criteria. This function is normally only used indirectly through `Participant$check_valid_get_twcv()` or `ParticipantGroup$get_valid_twcv()`.

  dbscan_eps = 20,
  dbscan_min_pts = 4,
  max_var_tight_cluster = 150,
  max_prop_single_tight_cluster = 0.6,
  safe_num_clusters = 3,
  safe_twcv = 250



An n-by-3 numerical matrix where each row corresponds to a single point in 3D color space.


One-element numerical vector: radius of ‘epsilon neighborhood’ when applying DBSCAN clustering.


One-element numerical vector: Minimum number of points required in the epsilon neighborhood for core points (including the core point itself).


One-element numerical vector: maximum variance for a cluster to be considered 'tight-knit'.


One-element numerical vector: maximum proportion of points allowed to be within a 'tight-knit' cluster (if this threshold is exceeded, the data are categorized as invalid).


One-element numerical vector: minimum number of clusters that guarantees validity if points are 'non-tight-knit'.


One-element numerical vector: minimum total within-cluster variance (TWCV) score that guarantees validity if points are 'non-tight-knit'.


A list with components


One-element logical vector


One-element character vector, empty if valid is TRUE


One-element numeric (or NA if can't be calculated) vector, indicating TWCV


One-element numeric (or NA if can't be calculated) vector, indicating the number of identified clusters counting toward the tally compared with 'safe_num_clusters'


This function relies heavily on the DBSCAN algorithm and its implementation in the R package `dbscan`, for clustering color points. For further information regarding the 'dbscan_eps' and 'dbscan_min_pts' parameters as well as DBSCAN itself, please see the `dbscan` documentation. Once clustering is done, passed validation criteria are applied:

  • If too high a proportion of all color points (cut-off specified with `max_prop_single_tight_cluster`) fall within a single 'tight-knit' cluster (with a cluster variance less than or equal to `max_var_tight_cluster`), then the data are always classified as invalid.

  • If the first criterion is cleared, and points form more than `safe_num_cluster` clusters, data are always classified as valid.

  • If the first criterion is cleared, and the Total Within-Cluster Variance (TWCV) score is greater than or equal to `safe_twcv`, data are always classified as valid.

Note that this means data can be classified as valid by either having at least 'safe_num_cluster' clusters, or by having points composing a smaller number of clusters but spaced relatively far apart within these clusters.

The DBSCAN 'noise' cluster only counts towards the 'cluster tally' (compared with 'safe_num_cluster') if it includes at least 'dbscan_min_pts' points. Points in the noise cluster are however always included in other calculations, e. g. total within-cluster variance (TWCV).

See also

point_3d_variance for single-cluster variance, total_within_cluster_variance for TWCV.