Calculates sample variance of points' distances in 3D space from their centroid. This function is normally only used indirectly through `validate_get_twcv`.

point_3d_variance(point_matrix)

Arguments

point_matrix

An n-by-3 numerical matrix where each row corresponds to a single point in 3D space.

Value

A one-element numeric vector holding calculated variance

Details

The variance here is taken to mean the sum of variances for each dimension/axis: $$ \frac{\sum_{i=1}^n (x_i-x_m)^2 + (y_i-y_m)^2 + (z-z_m)^2}{n-1} $$ Where \(X/Y/Z\) represent one axis each, \(a_m\) represents the mean of all points' coordinates on an axis, and \(n\) represents the total number of points.