A Reference Class for representing consistency test participants

Fields

id

A one-element character vector containing the participant's ID. Set at class new() call.

test_date

A one-element Date vector which specifies the date on which the participant did the consistency test.

graphemes

A list of Grapheme class instances.

Methods

add_grapheme(grapheme)

Add a passed grapheme to the participant's list of graphemes. The grapheme's entry in the list is named based on the grapheme's symbol. Note that if you try to add a grapheme with a symbol that's identical to one of the graphemes already in the participant's list of graphemes, the already existing same-symbol grapheme is overwritten.

add_graphemes(grapheme_list)

Go through a passed list of Grapheme instances and add each one using the add_grapheme() method.

check_valid_get_twcv( min_complete_graphemes = 5, dbscan_eps = 20, dbscan_min_pts = 4, max_var_tight_cluster = 150, max_prop_single_tight_cluster = 0.6, safe_num_clusters = 3, safe_twcv = 250, complete_graphemes_only = TRUE, symbol_filter = NULL )

Checks if this participant's data are valid based on passed arguments. This method aims to identify participants who had too few responses or varied their response colors too little, by marking them as invalid. Note that there are no absolutely correct values, as what is 'too little variation' is highly subjective. You might need to tweak parameters to be in line with your project's criteria, especially if you use another color space than CIELUV, since the default values are based on what seems to make sense in a CIELUV context. If you use the results in a research article, make sure to reference synr and specify what parameter values you passed to the function.

This method relies heavily on the DBSCAN algorithm and the package 'dbscan', and involves calculating a synr-specific 'Total Within-Cluster Variance' (TWCV) score. You can find more information, and what the parameters here mean, in the documentation for the function validate_get_twcv.

Parameters

  • min_complete_graphemes The minimum number of graphemes with complete (all non-NA color) responses that the participant data must have for them to not be categorized as invalid based on this criterion. Defaults to 5.

  • dbscan_eps Radius of 'epsilon neighborhood' when applying DBSCAN clustering. Defaults to 20.

  • dbscan_min_pts Minimum number of points required in the epsilon neighborhood for core points (including the core point itself). Defaults to 4.

  • max_var_tight_cluster Maximum variance for an identified DBSCAN cluster to be considered 'tight-knit'. Defaults to 150.

  • max_prop_single_tight_cluster Maximum proportion of points allowed to be within a single 'tight-knit' cluster (exceeding this leads to classification as invalid). Defaults to 0.6.

  • safe_num_clusters Minimum number of identified DBSCAN clusters (including 'noise' cluster only if it consists of at least 'dbscan_min_pts' points) that guarantees validity if points are 'non-tight-knit'. Defaults to 3.

  • safe_twcv Minimum total within-cluster variance (TWCV) score that guarantees validity if points are 'non-tight-knit'. Defaults to 250.

  • complete_graphemes_only A logical vector. If TRUE, only data from graphemes that have all non-NA color responses are used; if FALSE, even data from graphemes with some NA color responses are used. Defaults to TRUE.

  • symbol_filter A character vector (or NULL) that specifies which graphemes' data to use. Defaults to NULL, meaning data from all of the participant's graphemes will be used.

Returns

A list with components

  • valid TRUE if categorized as valid, otherwise FALSE.

  • reason_invalid One-element character vector describing why participant's data were deemed invalid, or empty string if valid is TRUE.

  • twcv One-element numeric (or NA if there are no/too few graphemes with complete responses) vector indicating participant's calculated TWCV.

  • num_clusters One-element numeric (or NA if there are no/too few graphemes with complete responses) vector indicating the number of identified clusters counting toward the tally compared with 'safe_num_clusters'.

get_all_colored_symbols(symbol_filter = NULL)

Returns a character vector of symbols corresponding to graphemes for which all responses have an associated non-NA color. If a character vector is passed to symbol_filter, only symbols in the passed vector are returned.

get_consistency_scores( method = "euclidean", symbol_filter = NULL, na.rm = FALSE )

Returns a list of grapheme symbols with associated consistency scores. If na.rm = TRUE, for each grapheme a consistency score calculation is forced (except if ALL response colors associated with the grapheme are NA). That probably isn't what you want, because it leads to things like a perfect consistency score if all except one response color are NA. Defaults to na.rm = FALSE.

If a character vector is passed to symbol_filter, only consistency scores for graphemes with symbols in the passed vector are returned.

Use the method argument to specify what kind of color space distances should be used when calculating consistency score (usually 'manhattan' or 'euclidean' - see documentation for the base R dist function for all options)

get_grapheme_mean_colors(symbol_filter = NULL, na.rm = FALSE)

Returns a list of grapheme symbols with associated mean colors, using the color space set at participant creation. Colors are represented by 3-element vectors.

Example: if color space is RGB, vector element 1 represents grapheme mean R value, element 2 mean G value, element 3 B value.

If na.rm = TRUE, for each grapheme a mean color is calculated even if one its associated response colors is missing. Defaults to na.rm = FALSE.

If a character vector is passed to symbol_filter, only mean colors for graphemes with symbols in the passed vector are returned.

get_mean_consistency_score( symbol_filter = NULL, method = "euclidean", na.rm = FALSE )

Returns the mean consistency score with respect to Grapheme instances associated with the participant.

If na.rm = FALSE, calculates the mean consistency score if all of the participants' graphemes only have response colors that are non-NA, otherwise returns NA. If na.rm = TRUE, returns the mean consistency score for all of the participant's graphemes that only have non-NA response colors, while ignoring graphemes that have at least one NA response color value. Note that NA is returned in either case, if ALL of the participants' graphemes have at least one NA response color value.

If a character vector is passed to symbol_filter, only data from graphemes with symbols in the passed vector are used when calculating the mean score.

Use the method argument to specify what kind of color space distances should be used when calculating consistency score (usually 'manhattan' or 'euclidean' - see documentation for the base R dist function for all options)

get_mean_response_time(symbol_filter = NULL, na.rm = FALSE)

Returns the mean response time, with respect to all Grapheme instances associated with the participant. Weights response times based on number of valid responses that each grapheme has. If na.rm = TRUE, returns mean response time even if there are missing response times. If na.rm = FALSE, returns mean response time if there is at least one response time value for at least one of the participants' graphemes. If a character vector is passed to symbol_filter, only data from graphemes with symbols in the passed vector are used when calculating the mean response time.

get_nonna_color_resp_mat(symbol_filter = NULL)

Returns an n-by-3 matrix of all non-NA color responses' data, where each column represents a color axis and each row a response color. If a character vector is passed to symbol_filter, only data from responses associated with graphemes with corresponding symbols are included.

get_number_all_colored_graphemes(symbol_filter = NULL)

Returns the number of graphemes for which all responses have an associated non-NA color. If a character vector is passed to symbol_filter, only graphemes with symbols in the passed vector are counted.

get_participant_mean_color(symbol_filter = NULL, na.rm = FALSE)

Returns average of all of participants' registered response colors (based on the color space set at participant initialization) as a 3-element vector. Example: if color space is RGB, element 1 represents mean R value, element 2 mean G value, element 3 B value.

If a character vector is passed to symbol_filter, only data from graphemes with symbols in the passed vector are used when calculating the mean color.

If na.rm = FALSE, calculates the mean response color if all of the participants' graphemes only have response colors that are non-NA, otherwise returns NA. If na.rm = TRUE, returns the mean response color based on all non-NA response colors.

get_plot( cutoff_line = FALSE, mean_line = FALSE, grapheme_size = 2, grapheme_angle = 0, grapheme_spacing = 0.25, foreground_color = "black", background_color = "white", symbol_filter = NULL )

Returns a ggplot2 plot that describes this participant's grapheme color responses and per-grapheme consistency scores.

If cutoff_line = TRUE, the plot will include a blue line that indicates the value 135.30, which is the synesthesia cut-off score recommended by Rothen, Seth, Witzel & Ward (2013) for the L*u*v color space. If mean_line = TRUE, the plot will include a green line that indicates the participant's mean consistency score for graphemes with all-valid response colors (if the participant has any such graphemes). If a vector is passed to symbol_filter, this green line represents the mean score for ONLY the symbols included in the filter.

Pass a value to grapheme_size to adjust the size of graphemes shown at the bottom of the plot, e. g. increasing the size if there's a lot of empty space otherwise, or decreasing the size if the graphemes don't fit. The grapheme_angle argument allows rotating graphemes. grapheme_spacing is for adjusting how far grapheme symbols are spaced from each other.

If a character vector is passed to symbol_filter, only data for graphemes with symbols in the passed vector are used.

Graphemes are sorted left-to-right by 1. length and 2. unicode value (this means among other things that digits come before letters).

get_plot_data(symbol_filter = NULL)

Returns a data frame with the following columns:

1. grapheme (grapheme names - of type character)

2. consistency_score (of type numeric)

3... color_resp<x>, where x is a digit: hold response hex color codes (number of columns depends on number of response colors associated with each grapheme).

The data frame is intended to be used for plotting participant data, using .get_plot(). The call will end with an error if not all of the participant's graphemes have the same number of color responses. This is intended.

If a character vector is passed to symbol_filter, only data for graphemes with symbols in the passed vector are used.

get_symbols()

Returns a character vector with all symbols for graphemes associated with the participant.

has_graphemes()

Returns TRUE if there is at least one grapheme in the participant's graphemes list, otherwise returns FALSE

save_plot( save_dir = NULL, file_format = "png", dpi = 300, cutoff_line = FALSE, mean_line = FALSE, grapheme_size = 2, grapheme_angle = 0, foreground_color = "black", background_color = "white", symbol_filter = NULL, ... )

Saves a ggplot2 plot that describes this participant's grapheme color responses and per-grapheme consistency scores, using the ggsave function.

If a character vector is passed to symbol_filter, only data for graphemes with symbols in the passed vector are used.

If save_dir is not specified, the plot is saved to the current working directory. Otherwise, the plot is saved to the specified directory. The file is saved using the specified file_format, e. g. JPG (see ggplot2::ggsave documentation for list of supported formats), and the resolution specified with the dpi argument.

If cutoff_line = TRUE, the plot will include a blue line that indicates the value 135.30, which is the synesthesia cut-off score recommended by Rothen, Seth, Witzel & Ward (2013) for the L*u*v color space. If mean_line = TRUE, the plot will include a green line that indicates the participant's mean consistency score for graphemes with all-valid response colors (if the participant has any such graphemes). If a vector is passed to symbol_filter, this green line represents the mean score for ONLY the symbols included in the filter.

Pass a value to grapheme_size to adjust the size of graphemes shown at the bottom of the plot, e. g. increasing the size if there's empty space otherwise, or decreasing the size if the graphemes don't fit. Similarly, you can use the grapheme_angle argument to rotate the graphemes, which might help them fit better.

Apart from these, all other arguments that ggsave accepts (e. g. 'scale') also work with this function, since all arguments are passed on to ggsave.

set_date(in_date)

Takes in a one-element character vector with a date in the format 'YYYY-MM-DD' and sets the participant's test_date to the specified date.